Thursday, February 26, 2015

Bullying in Online Games

Tex Playing Video Games, Wikimedia Commons
Did you know that people who insult other in video games are most likely to be younger people? There are many different kinds of online gaming bullying. For example, insulting someone else in a game is the most popular way to bully somebody. Groups of users gang up to insult their victim in a game to have fun. One professional StarCraft player used the word “rape” against an amateur female player at a game tournament and got disqualified from the tournament. Later, he explained that he did not know that it was very insulting, He was from Ukraine and did not understand how serious it was, but still he got disqualified from the tournament and had to apologize to the female player. This incident is only the beginning of a larger situation, because e-sports, where you watch professional players play like other sports, are on the rise, and people must address this before bigger and more serious incidents happen.

In response, gaming companies have started to limit players who insult others in their games. On the one hand censorship might make people feel safer because they don't have to get insulted. On the other hand censorship might upset people who want to say controversial things. Censorship is bad because people lose their freedom of speech.

Censorship is bad because freedom of speech is most important. People in online video games are thinking that someone should censor insults and punish players who are toxic to others, but they don't want them to censor everything they say Because if they have to censor everything that people says online, People will feel like their privacy is being reduced, because the company will see your private messages and censor words before somebody receives it. Game companies have been developing reporting systems to punish players who disturb others from playing games and also they have been developing censorship too since insults in game was the biggest problem that they had. Riot Games who made League of legends started this system since beginning and became good model for controlling their users. Result, of that 70 percent of users who have been punished for bad behavior fixed their behavior and never got punished agian. Most games censor only recognizable insults, but some games censors even non-insult words. According to a survey, most players felt like they lost freedom of speech about censoring non-insulting words. Censorship won't make people feel safer. People who want to insult will figure out the various ways to dodge censorship. In fact, some game companies have a problem with people who keep figuring out new ways to insult. Also, players who insult make new words to insult other players, so the game doesn’t recognize the words and can’t censor them. In Multiplayer online battle arena like League of Legends and DOTA where players team up together and fight against another team, there are conflicts between teammates and players who are unskilled that are targeted by insulting. The new words like “noob” and “feeder,” which refer to unskilled players, are not being censored, but even if they censor it some toxic player will eventually figure out new words to insult in gaming.

There are people who disagree that censorship is bad. For example, many websites like Wikipedia are submitted, edited and published by community members.here are some users who share false or insulting information, but it is fixed quickly. This is one kind of censorship words of community it is different from censorship by machine in gaming which searched and censors insulting words. People might disagree with me because they might have been cyber bullied before and experienced emotional trauma. In severe cases, that can be the main reason of suicide. I think that con argument is not always right because censorship not always right and there are companies like Riot Games who made league of legends which give rewards to players who are examples of good behavior and there are systems in games where you can either report or honor players. As honor points go up you have a higher chance of getting rewarded and at the end of the game all players type "GG" which means good game. This makes all players enjoy the game. So, instead of censoring or banning , encouraging players to be players with good behavior is better.

Insulting others in online games is a huge problem today and there are many ways of dealing with it. Censorship is one way, but it cannot catch all insulting language. Also, censorship does not encourage people to fix their behavior, it makes them figure out how to dodge censorship. A better solution to fix this problem of insulting is to encourage players to have better behavior with rewards or education. This method has worked in many games.

Bibliography

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3/5/2015

If online games censor everything that people say online, do people feel like privacy is getting watched? While I read through the comments there were no comments that changed my mind, but it certainly made me to think again. One comment asked me why do I think bullying occurs mostly in online games that is part of esports. I didn’t think why it occurs mostly in online competitive games. The reason is that competitive online games require teamwork, but sometimes teamwork breaks because of some toxic people who blame other players, use insulting words, and make a whole team act negatively to each other which makes them lose. I got lots of good comments that asked me questions that helped me clarify my opinion. One question wanted to know specifically about the rewarding and honoring system of some companies. It clarified my opinion that talks about how it is more valuable to encourage players to be good players than just keep punishing them. One comment showed me an article about more information that I can find about bullying in online games. As I read through it, it gave me tons of information about how the government tries to solve cyber bullying and where to start. I chose this topic because as a gamer I was interested in things going on in the online game society and wanted to find out by my self. I think the blog project provided me a chance to research further about it and helped me to find out about online game bullying.

Friday, February 6, 2015

Macho-Man Masculinity

We’ve all heard of the unrealistic standards given to women in society, right? Not to say that those standards are not an issue or are not significant in any way, because they are, but have you ever stopped and thought about how there are many stereotypes and standards that are applied to men, as well? It’s a very overlooked issue that has not been considered much until somewhat recently. Gender inequality, while is an issue for women as well, is a massive issue that branches off into many other issues within our society.

(Taken from here, I do NOT own this photo)
First off, did you know that men statistically take more dangerous jobs due to the fact that they are expected to choose more dangerous lines of work, such as military, firefighting, construction, logging, law enforcement, and many other jobs, and die more often because of it? According to a 2010-2011 study, of the 2,266,883 military members, over 80% of them are men (see source here). Men are told that in order to be this perfect, healthy, strong, courageous man, you have to be so many ideologies at once, that it’s almost impossible to achieve. You have to be independent. You have to feel, or at the very least show, little to no emotion. You have to be physically strong, and a lot of times physically attractive, too.

These things are merely scratching the surface of the realm of expectations that are put on young men starting at a fairly young age. Throughout their childhood, young men will adapt and accept the idea of stoic, heroic, strong, brave macho-man warrior that will swoop in and save the day and be loved by everybody, and this reflects later on in their lives. Most young men are confused and unsure of who they should be, when they look at themselves and then what a “perfect” man is, and they see just how big of a difference there really is between the two.

Throughout school lives, even as early as middle school, a large number of boys will compare themselves to that stereotype and wonder what went wrong, when really, nothing was wrong to begin with. Boys are shown less compassion than girls at early ages, because you have to “be a man”. Another part of this problem is the fact that there are countless double standards that apply to men. Men will usually receive much harsher sentences than women, the guys will usually be the ones to hold doors open for women, women can hit men, but men can’t hit men, etc, etc (not that chivalry as a whole, or being respectful is a bad thing).

One very prominent issue is the fact that men are often the instigators of violence, specifically violence in which a woman is the victim. The most probable cause for this is due to the fact that young men, especially in this day and age, are born and raised with the false pretext that men are the Macho Man Randy Savage of the household and have to be dominant over others in a way that can end up being harmful to others.

Starting from a very young age, as was said before, young men will often be taught to be the powerful figure that will be the enforcer of rules and be aggressive and assertive while doing so. This can clearly be connected to acts of violence that are often instigated by men, and also often on women.

Again, as i stated before, and would like to state again, i do not believe that women in our day and age, specifically in this society, do not face sexism as a whole, discrimination, or any other harsh treatment; because they do. I’m simply stating that young men are often put through similar stereotypes and told to act a certain way and be a certain person growing up with that kind of mindset, and growing up with people telling you what you should be as a man can be very confusing and can cause a lot of problems later down the road in life and often can lead to direct and indirect consequences including a warped view on people and the world as you grow older. Some people have experienced these kinds of expectations that people will try to have you grow used to, including the many things a “man” is supposed to be. Thanks for taking the time to read and hopefully consider these arguments.

See my bibliography here

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(Updated 3/5/2015)

Post reflection, I feel like I still am in agreement with myself as far as the blog’s topic is concerned, and I still believe that the portrayal of men in the media and in any other fashion is just as important of a problem as it is for women. Both are very troubling topics and I feel like both need extra attention in our society. The reason I felt as if this kind of topic was worth writing an essay on in a digital citizenship class is mainly due to the fact that this topic is of importance to me and the fact that the media has a very, very prominent, influential role in this. The blogging process as a whole was very interesting and it’s not often that I feel like you are able to write an essay or blog post on a topic of your choosing like I was in this class. I feel like I got a chance to open my ideas to the rest of the world and I think that’s really neat. Thank you to all who participated in the discussion and everyone who took the time to read it.

Stereotypes on Middle-Eastern Ethnic Groups

Image from Sir Ronald Sanders
Middle-Eastern people are often judged by the actions committed by the Islamic extremists. Recently, the Western media have been depicting Middle-Easterners negatively especially as it covered many stories of journalists who have been victimized.  In Charlie Hebdo Attack, the article mentioned that the Islamic religion has the tendency to cause fanatics. Although Muslims are no more violent than other religions, media is creating and increasing negative stereotypes about them and should stop.
Muslim prayer beads


Normal American citizens have been relying on the western media. The western news reports Muslims as violent. “In the big picture,” Muslims are normal people. However, people may go against my argument for various reasons that includes stereotypical reasons. For, example, due to the incident of the Charlie Hebdo attack, the news companies reported the details of the catastrophe. The majority of the American media portrays the news regarding the Muslims in unnecessarily inflammatory ways with its use of language and tones. For example, an article about the attack on Charlie Hebdo was written in biased way that built more stereotypes on the Islamic community. According to the Charlie Hebdo article, one quoted that the Islamic religion “has the tendency to cause fanatics.” According to a Muslim author, we shouldn't forget that the two victims in Paris were Muslims. I personally, see an irony there because this fact about the Charlie Hebdo attack shows that the terrorists organizations only support people who share the same philosophy and ideology with them. Words that creates stereotypes of Middle-Eastern people can be terrorists and extremists.

Floyd Abrams, a civil right lawyer, described the situation that opposes  Muslims and the western news companies. He has said it is ''the most threatening assault on journalism in living memory." This quote can build consequences because his statement stays between freedom of speech or anti-freedom of speech in order to prevent multiple stereotypes build up. However, I believe that some procedures from the media should stop. For example, governor Jindal of Louisiana said that Islam has a problem. Although he understands the initial situation, his word choice built stereotypes on middle-eastern people.

Some other articles cover the general Muslim population in a negative way by reporting the terrorists actions or what is bad about Muslims. This directly influences the lives of normal Muslim people in United States. For example, research tells us that half of Muslim-American students in California are being bullied because of their religious faith and beliefs. I believe that this fanatical events are occurring within the United States because the media depiction makes Muslims' daily lives extremely difficult.

Some TV channels talks about issues that affect the life of Muslim-Americans in United States. The Bill Maher “Show”, was emphasizing stereotyping the Muslim people. Bill Maher is definitely creating stereotypes and bigotry that goes against the Muslims in general. He states that they all hold radical views. In truth, there are fundamentally huge amount of Muslims around the world and some hold the view that people deserve death for leaving islam. Based on the 2013 Pew Research Center report,  88% of Muslims in Egypt and 62% of Muslims in Pakistan favor the death penalty for people who leave the Muslim religion. However, despite those people, there are Americans that hold the view that the Muslim people aren’t radical. According to the PewForum research, it tells us that in August of 2010, about 30% of Americans view the Muslims in a favorable way. Maher mentions that Islam religion holds radical view that influence the people to hold certain ideas about their religion. The example was given by Maher, stating that the Muslim people do not have as much volition to show much of their religion because other extremists will come and kill them like a crazy mafia. However, I believe that it isn’t true at all because Maher basically linked the entire religion of Islam to a form of extremism. When Maher said about the “ugly things”, it is what makes the Muslims victimized with racism. Affleck added "How about the more than a billion people, who aren't fanatical, who don't punish women, who just want to go to school, have some sandwiches, pray five times a day, and don't do any of the things that you're saying all Muslims do,” Not all Muslims are the Mafia like people.

The majority of scholars and faithful Muslim people will say that their religion is no more violent than any other faiths and religions. However, some Muslims like the president of Egypt argued that “the contemporary understanding of Islamic religion is infected with violence, requiring the government and its official clerics to correct the teaching of Islam”. However, he’s also saying that because there are some violent contents in the Qu’ran, religious leaders need to speak out and reasuure people that this is not representative of all Muslims. It is also true that not the majority of the Muslim will inherently fall into the idea of extremism. Just like when we look at different religions like Christianity, there are certain books that might make the religion as bad (like the book of Revelations that emphasize the strictness of faiths).

Throughout the research, I have learned that the American media have vilified the reputation of the Islamic society. Articles use overly toned languages to describe the Islamic people. Despite articles, TV also makes lives harder for Muslims as well. I think the media should stop these actions toward Muslims in order to prevent them from having harder lives. The priority comes to stopping the negative works from the media that vilifies normal Muslims. Despite the actual extremists, media should stop creating negative stereotypes about Middle-Easterners like describing them as people who are violent and wrong.

Nothing In This Title Was Plagiarized: Or Was It?™

Lawrence Lessig
By Joi CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
The idea of copying “someone else’s” work (and in turn “violating” copyright law) has been around since the dawn of creativity. “To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism, to steal ideas from many is research.” says Wilson Mizner “Copy from one, it's plagiarism; copy from two, it's research.” John Milton. Cool, so pretty much this is research. This is an example of the problem that was created along with the birth child of Robert E. and Kahn Vint Cerf, who were the fathers of the internet. The internet has made it possible to very easily and efficiently pirate almost any literary, visual, and most predominantly, auditory pieces of art in the world. The problem is created when a new factor is introduced to an old system, simply because it was not designed to handle it in the first place. That is exactly what has happened to copyright law because of the internet and other new forms of media distribution. This problem is no where more apparent than in the realm of music and musicians. Copyright law today in incapable of protecting certain ownership rights while still allowing for growing creativity. Problem, great, what can be done to solve it? Answer, free culture.

The inefficiency of today’s copyright law is made apparent by the way it is being exploited and used. We live in a society where property is valued, both physical and intellectual. This is what makes our society tick. Intellectual property, like music, arguably even more so than physical. Music is an asset worth protecting. Often times with monetary value ranging into the millions of dollars. However it becomes problematic and restrictive when artists and large production companies take this protection too far and begin to claim rights on specificities of musical creation, which is often times allowed because of copyright law’s inability to cope with it. An example of this is the White-Smith Music Publishing Co. v. Apollo Co. In this case there was claims to copyright on the “Reproduction of the sounds of musical instruments playing music for which copyright granted not a violation of the copyright.” In other words the deeper technical ideas found in music.

Copyright law is incapable of protecting creative rights in the same way that patent law can be abused. As illustrated in the following example. In 1933 patents were issued to Edwin Howard Armstrong for his invention of the FM radio device. There was a very strong push back on this by the large corporation RCA who held rights on AM radio. This was because FM radio was created specifically to overcome some of the problems that AM radio had. RCA had a monopoly over all of radio until the creation of this new technology. So to protect their product they took control of the FM technology and made his patents void by incorporating it into their television sets. Armstrong tried to fight these efforts by RCA within the judicial system, and ultimately failed. When the patents expired RCA offered Armstrong a settlement that was not even enough to pay his lawyer debts. In 1954 Armstrong, one of America’s great inventors, committed suicide because of the effects of a large corporation acting in their own interests for monetary gain. (Full story in Lessig’s book Free Culture 4-7) This same principle can be applied to copyright law and music. There are large companies using it to their advantage to hold creativity back for the purpose of monetary gain.

Another very glaring flaw is in the way copyright law is so inconsistently applied, even with known fallacy. If you take a look at “10 Famous Cases of Alleged Music Plagiarism” (this is not saying that any of the stories in this report are false or inaccurate) you will find this kind of inconsistency. In some cases artists are fined for “lifting” too much from someone else’s work, But in other cases they settle their differences out of court. And sometimes, artists don’t mind their work being copied...until they do. A recent example of this problem can be seen in the current legal dispute between artists Tom Petty and Sam Smith. Tom Petty took legal actions against Sam Smith’s “Stay With Me” because of its similarities with his “I Won’t Back Down.” The result of this was that Tom Petty began to earn 12.5 percent credit on the royalties for “Stay With Me.”

This is a normal occurrence in the musical world, but what make this case particularly confusing is that this is not the first time Petty had been plagiarised. In fact, there had been two other cases in which an artist had copied Petty’s music, once with his “American Girl” and once with his “Mary Jane’s Last Dance.” In those cases though, Petty simply disregarded them saying that he didn’t “believe in lawsuits much”. Why did he change his mind with Sam Smith? His formaly lenient attitude could influence many amature artists and creators to believe that it is okay to copy someone else’s music if you can just get away with it. Further complicating the situation is whether or not an artist even then has the right to dictate whether or not legal action is pursued in the event of obvious plagiarism, as there are not only his own interests at stake but also sometimes a record label or individual creator’s. This frustration is further reiterated by an artist who says that “As a creator, it’s frustrating having to stick to some parameters which are fifty years old” (Lessig 27) when the full consequences and boundaries of today’s copyright law are so complicated and often unclear.

This leaves room for the argument that copyright law was first created to protect the artist/publisher from the misuse and recreation of their work for economic gain and recognition of another. And that this is exactly what copyright law has done by extending copyright protection so that proper time can be allowed for the artist/publisher to turn a profit on the work.

In reality copyright law has been influenced by large publishers to be extended 70 years past even the length of the artist’s life span in order for the company to turn the largest profit possible on the work. So, instead of promoting the creation of new works, copyright law in fact very directly stunts the growth of artistic culture. An example of this (in an artist) is in the way Taylor Swift claimed a trademark on phrases from some of her music such as, "This Sick Beat" and "Party Like Its 1989" simply to comand control over the profit the phrases were getting in her music.

In conclusion copyright law is incapable of handling plagiarism, musical plagiarism in particular, because instead of promoting creativity, large companies have taken it under control and used it to further their own profit.


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The problems in copyright today are very far reaching, and have many a large effect on many people. Going too far to protect copyright can lead to a destruction of creativity, while leaving it wide open with no restrictions would have much the same effect. But one thing is clear, if it is left how it is now, the future of creativity will be in the hands of a few large companies whose only goals are their own enrichment. Researching this subject has been very enlightening, and has opened up portals into amazing subjects and ideas I had never heard of before. This was especially helpful to me being an amature to learn of what is in the future of the music industry, and what I can do to aid in liberating music. I still firmly believe that each and every one of us, either as consumers or creators, a very big part in making copyright better for the modern world. This is especially apparent in the music industry where it is so hard to tell the difference in what is right and wrong. Feedback such as the “Ice Ice Baby” and the “Under Pressure” comparison were very helpful in aiding me to understand more about other perspectives on the situation, about how much of a problem this truly is, and also gave me other ideas to research while trying to navigate this complex maze. And a maze it truly is, going as far as morals, politics, fundamental ideas of fairness, and many other profound byproducts. The blogging process itself has been very helpful in understanding this as it offers the freedom of communal discussion, thereby allowing for diversity of opinion. So this leaves us with an ongoing discussion that I truly hope with be brought to light before creativity is consumed. This is a responsibility of all to make sure art is forever for the people.
Biblography

Drawing Women’s Body Image Outside the Lines of Society

Throughout media’s history, women have been repeatedly viewed only for their bodies. From James Bond movies to perfume ads, the ideal and perfect body is constantly being shown everywhere in our daily lives. Advertisements are distributed not only to women but are seen by young girls too, and it is forming a misconception that we are only beautiful if we use certain products to meet social standards. According to The Representation Project statistics, eighty-one percent of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat, and fifty three percent of girls as young as thirteen are not confident with their bodies. “Just as with cigarette ads in the past, fashion ads portray a twisted, ideal image for young women. And they’re vulnerable. As sales go up, body image and confidence drops” says Democratic Representative Lois Capps, a sponsor for the Truth in Advertising Act. The world is constantly changing, especially through the power of media. Trends are spreading, words of encouragement and empowerment of women’s bodies are beginning to become common, and news can be posted in an instant. Fortunately, this means more and more people can use media to promote more positive images. However, the setback is that we still mainly see the negative or discouraging articles about women because that is what gets our attention the most. The question I ask to the millions of users in the media is, are we focusing on the wrong side of things? Are things completely unfair for women and their bodies, or are we simply not emphasizing the good parts to women’s representation in the media? Media today is promoting new ideas and ways to encourage positive feedback for women by beauty products creating campaigns, celebrities’ opinions on perfection in society, and companies taking a stand toward dishonesty in photoshopping.

If you walk in to a convenience store or drive by a billboard or a poster throughout your day, photoshopped images are everywhere! Images are enhanced and made to look captivating and flawless so it catches our attention. Advertisements want you to pay attention to their products by creating this image of perfection. It is man's (and a woman’s) instinct to strive to fit in. Many girls fear that they are not living up to these expectations put out in the word, when in reality the goals they’re striving for are artificially made. The United Kingdom enforces advertising standards prohibiting overly photoshopped advertisements.
Famous actress Julia Roberts was featured on a LancĂ´me makeup ad and all her of natural lines and wrinkles were removed. British Advertising Standard Authority pulled this ad down along with others from Maybelline and L’Oreal. A member from the British Parliament Jo Swinson thinks, “we should have some honesty in advertising … There’s a problem out there with body image and confidence. The way excessive retouching has become pervasive in our society is contributing to that problem.”

Photoshopping, thankfully, is no longer the only issue commonly seen in women’s media. More companies are trying to sell their "brand" by empowering girls and women instead of holding up impossible beauty standards. Gillette Venus created the “Use Your And” global campaign and a video encouraging girls to step outside the one label boxes that society puts us in. “If you’re smart, say yes, and..” is one of the multiple empowering lines in the poem featured in their advertisement video. “We created this campaign based on what we were hearing from women. They feel that beauty brands tend to focus only on singular dimensions of women - either Super Model or Super Mom- when, in fact, most women are a fabulous mix of everything in between,” says Global Franchise Leader for Gillette Charlene Patten. “Women are limited by one-dimensional labels from a very young age, which leads to significant loss of potential. For example, if she’s labelled pretty, it is assumed she can’t be smart so she behaves accordingly. At Gillette Venus, we believe that all women have the right to achieve their full potential by embracing their ‘ANDs’ and not be limited by any ‘ORs’.” Several other empowering advertisements have been created by companies like Dove, Always, or Pantene and has become a trending thing to talk about throughout media. Always’ video “Like a Girl” featured a multitude of men and women of all ages describing what “Like a Girl” usually means and what it really should represent. This video has gone viral especially after the airing in the Superbowl, and has received both positive and negative responses. This ad is not only is beneficial and supportive of the consumer, it is advantageous to the advertisers.

People may disagree with my statement that women’s representation in media is not getting better, and there is plenty of evidence to suggest that. As teens grow older, their bodies are changing and may not follow these ideas of skinny and perfect skin. The percentage of teenage girls who are not confident with their bodies goes from fifteen to seventy eight percent at the age of seventeen. Women have been trying to gain this perfection at earlier and earlier years. Rates of plastic surgery for girls under the age of 19 has tripled in just ten years. Victoria Secret, a clothing brand with models of unrealistic and unhealthy weight, fashion underwear for young female teens. They released a campaign slogan for their new underwear. “The Perfect Body” featured multiple models who all were very small and thin. Critics later called out Victoria Secret for this campaign and called it ‘damaging to women’ and 26,000 people signed a petition to take down the ad and apologize. The lingerie company soon took it down, but placed it back up with the replaced words, “A perfect body for everybody”. Victoria Secret did not apologize and did not agree to stop the campaign. What does this new message then tell women? It says the perfect body, as shown in this advertisement, is the perfect body for everyone while in reality it is not reasonable for every woman's body.

Despite the discouraging images featured in the media we see today, however, more and more companies are creating an alternative to a lot of these intimidating ads. The personal care brand, Dove, decided to take a step further from the Victoria Secret’s Beauty campaign. Several women who were not models and not all one size took the same photoshoot and titled it “The Real Beauty Campaign”. This was greatly celebrated because it showed women who weren’t ashamed of their size or shape. Dove Beauty Campaign’s intentions were to tell girls that you don’t have to be one size or be this idea of perfect to have beauty. An additional underwear company Dear Kate created a picture in response to this campaign recreating the ‘Perfect Body Campaign’ but with diverse women who aren’t all the same shape and size.

Whether we are seeing advertisements or reading magazines, media has been telling girls that their appearance isn’t good enough. However, women’s representation in the media is rapidly changing. Nowadays we see women taking a stand against dress codes, sending messages of confidence and creating a world of media where girls don’t have to be afraid to put themselves out there for who they are. Women can share positive images on Pinterest, at #MediaWeLike, with posts and boards of articles that will empower girls’ confidence. Negativity tends to speak louder than positivity, but with more companies coming together to lift up the all women and girls in our society, the brighter our media world becomes.

Bibliography

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Conclusion [Updated 3/5/15]

From positive campaigns to photoshop regulations, our media is slowly changing to recognize women outside of gender stereotypes. Writing about this subject has shown me that there are new and different ways we can find positive messages dealing with issues like body image or perfection. It is groundbreaking that we are now forming actual laws concerning photoshop and false interpretations of beauty. All these ideas of being the perfect size and having the perfect skin or makeup, is lowering the self esteem of many women. I think girls today use different social media apps and see the attention you can get by posting ‘the perfect selfie’ and become self conscious of their own appearance in the media. Looking back on my blog comments, I've learned that people feel the same way about the change in advertisements. Many believe there has been a significant change in our view of women. I discovered some different resources that furthered my opinion on positive changes in the media. A comment helped me clarify my view on supporting companies like Dove who may have different intentions of their campaigns. I had to do further research to read about it and also learned that companies can be separate from parent companies and should not be taken harshly for their relations but mostly for their intentions. Through a recommended source about Target, I found out about users of the media actually speaking up toward companies. This changed my view on how negative media is not entirely bad. I learned that negative media can be a good thing if the person does something to change that negative issue into something better for our community. The whole experience of blogging was very helpful. I was at first very nervous to post so much of my own opinion, but looking back I’m glad I put my words out for the world to see. I’m glad that I got to find more positive messages out there in the media, and I hope that this blog post becomes one that people find helpful.

Domestic Violence Caused by Media

Over the years domestic violence has shrunk at an increasing rate(CSMonitor). However, one in four women will be abused sometime in their lives(CaringUnlimited). Domestic violence is classified as, “A pattern of intimidating, controlling behavior in an intimate or familial relationship that compels the victim to submit to the abuser’s wishes.” The media has created social stigmas and stereotypes that lead the people of today to grow indifferent towards abuse. One in four women report that they have been abused or had violent actions taken against them. How does social media affect the rate of domestic violence by perpetuating gender stereotypes, and should there be restrictions on what is allowed to be posted? Social media showing how the "perfect" man and woman should be has a great impact, especially on children, because boys feel the need to be the strong one while girls are told to be quiet and listen to their spouse. Restrictions should be put in place because if a child stumbles upon inappropriate content, or content that perpetuates harmful stereotypes, they will be influenced negatively and the cycle of violence will continue.

Image Credit to RamboWiki
Exposure to social media, and a lack of education, cause youth to be more accepting of violence. There is a stereotype which the media spreads that shows men being strong and aggressive. When there is violence between two males; therefore, their aggression is natural because of their higher levels of testosterone. Young teen boys are receiving the message that they need "man up." This stereotype also carries on to the abuse of men by women. When a teen is given these messages, the teen begins to believe that they can never be weak or open up. They keep their injuries and beatings to themselves.(EastTNNews. This link also has a movie about the story of a man beat by his wife and how he deals with it.) People often assume that the man is the abuser and the woman is the victim; however, men are the victim of every 2 out of 5 domestic violence cases. Many more cases are unreported because the men are so scared of being ridiculed that they would rather make up lies about fights with other men. So where do young men and women get these messages about “being a man” or “being a girl”? One platform that has a great impact because its reach is so vast is social media.
A couple years ago there was a Facebook page dedicated to jokes about rape and domestic violence. This caused a huge uproar and a massive petition to get these pages taken down. Women, Action, and Media,(A.K.A. WAM!) was the main organization that opposed these pages and anyone who believed domestic violence to be a joking matter. These posts were allowed until May 2013 when Facebook edited its policies to restrict hate speech, particularly gender based hate speech. These jokes were on Facebook publicly, so any person could have seen them. A domestic abuser could see this and think, “Oh, it’s ok. It’s funny when I beat women!” The posts were encouraging them as well as teenagers who could view this. The teens would think that domestic violence is not serious and not an issue. On the other hand, there is also the issue of restricting the freedom of speech.
Image Credit to Glen Canning

The owners of the Facebook pages were frustrated that their pages could be taken down in a matter of weeks because some people did not enjoy their content. First, the content was not forced onto the women’s activist group. They did not have to view the content if they did not want to. If a member of the Facebook page is your friend then you can just unfriend them or have a serious conversation with them.Regarding children, a parent can easily apply a filter that does not allow certain content, such as the jokes, to be viewed. This also felt like a major violation of the freedom of speech. The jokes were not physically harming anyone, and the owners were not condoning violence. This argument can be refuted by another right of US citizens and the world.

Under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everybody on earth is entitled to a life free of violence and security of person. Freedom of speech cannot and does not override this right. If a person feels as if they are being subject to speech that threatens them then they are fully entitled to try and have that material removed. Really, these Facebook rape jokes were not the object of WAM!’s fight. WAM! is really fighting against the social norm of gender based hate speech, and trying to raise awareness that domestic violence is not okay. Today, children have an amazing grasp of technology that no generation has ever had before. Children are using iPads at the age of three and learning to type in the second grade. These children will have no problem going into a browser’s or website’s settings and changing the filter to allow everything. It is reported that children begin watching porn as early as six years old(CharismaNews.) The teens of today are exposed to so much media. There is a new study that says teens are exposed to 31 hours a week(TheTelegraph.) This prolonged screen time will affect a teen greatly by influencing much of the way they think.

When a teen grows up with almost all free time consumed by technology then there is a huge impact on them from social media. If one teen grows up to abuse their spouse, then their children will witness the fighting. According to CaringUnlimited, whenever a teen witnesses an act of abuse then they begin to absorb that into their mind. They begin to show increased signs of aggression, lack of feeling, and replaying the act of violence along with many other problems. Restricting what is posted on the internet can decrease the amount of stigmas that teens receive; therefore, lowering the amount of domestic violence. There are many organizations out there that are dedicated to preventing domestic violence, but the question I propose to you is, what are you doing to prevent the spread of harmful stereotypes and domestic violence?

Bibliography
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Conclusion, updated March 5, 2014

Social media showing how the "perfect" man and woman should be has a great impact, especially on children, because boys feel the need to be the strong one while girls are told to be quiet and listen to their spouse. Restrictions should be put in place because if a child stumbles upon inappropriate content, or content that perpetuates harmful stereotypes, they will be influenced negatively and the cycle of violence will continue. The companies that create these gender stereotypes need to seriously consider taking a class like digital citizenship in order to learn how to be a good citizen online. Most of the comments left on my blog were not that helpful, but there were a couple that seemed to be written with thought and intelligence. Jim Raynor helped to clarify my point, when he explained how technology has evolved to become the primary link to the outside world. Unfortunately, the stereotypes and negative messages within the media therefore become more accepted and less shocking to those who are frequently exposed to it. He also showed how it is human nature to want to follow the group, no matter what the consequences might be. However, this can be used for good by having more and more people standing up to help bring more and more popularity against these stereotypes and jokes about causing harm to another individual because of their gender, race, religion, or ethnicity. Blogging is a very interesting way to share news and current events, and I feel like it is much more personal and intimate. Blogging allows you to respond to your readers and interact in ways you normally can’t. Overall, blogging has been a great experience.

Webcam Hackers

Insecam.com Screen shot curtsy of 
Insecam.com Screen shot curtsy fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article
-2824960/Creepy-website-allows -people-watch-live-stream-900-surveillance-cameras-country.html
How can someone hack their way into your webcam, with security cam, or baby monitor and watch you and your loved ones without you even knowing about it? In 2013, a cyber creep took over a baby monitor to spy on a 2-year-old Texas girl using Insecam to get the baby monitors feed. The father of the daughter whose camera was hacked checked his cameras and router where password protected and the firewall was enabled which means someone had to hack their way into the camera. Insecam and other websites that feature live feed cameras should be investigated for their legality with and whether or not they should be shut down. Insecam has been under review in Australia for its big use their and in England for its use there and is now being looked at in the US where there are currently over 11 thousand camera feeds available.

I think that websites like this is should be shut down because they have to hack into the cameras to display their feeds in the first place, which is a breach of security and violates laws of hacking and computer fraud. As I said before they are violating hacking laws pointed out by a US lower. Jay Leiderman another US lawyer said that websites like this are violating abuse acts and computer fraud acts. As I have said this site shows the IP address of the cameras but it also shows the exact longitude and latitude of the camera and can be seen on google maps by anyone who desires to find the camera. On the site they show different videos In one of my sources the writer watched footage from the site and they shows kids playing, Babies in cribs, a boy sleeping, a elderly woman in a arm chair, and a video feed to the changing room of a church.

The man who made the site exchanged emails with motherboard and the creator of the site made it clear that his website has had no clear violations of the law they claim that no hacking was used to find the cameras and get in. The creator of the site has made it clear that the site uses weak cameras passwords to get into the cameras. I disagree with what the creator of the site said because as one of something said by Jay Leiderman that it is not a crime to have a weak password but it is illegal for someone to guess their way into the password. As I looked into my article’s I saw that a top security expert in Australia said that the website is good because it shows the dark side of the internet and by doing so it is ok to display 100’s of live CCTV feeds. The same security expert says that the internet is all about access unless you have a strong password which almost sounds like they are trying to blame the fact that these cameras are being hacked on the owner of the camera instead of the owner of the site.

Insecam and other websites that live feed cameras should be looked at how legal their websites are and whether or not they should be shut down. I think that sites like this should be shut down because they clearly violate abuse acts, computer fraud, and computer hacking laws. The hole idea that sites like this a even justified to be up and running is very surprising to me I think that sites like this should not be allowed to even be up for a short period of time because of the acts that this site has to do just to get to a webcam feed . The site does not only spy on people without their knowledge they also advertise cameras and other goods on their site which give the cite a commercial motive. Although there have been many sites like this that have been shut down not all have been and the hackers who use these sites are still out there and the police have been working to put the hackers away. 16 computer hackers were arrested for hacking their ways into cameras using a emailed picture as a decoy file that uploads the RAT into the system and let the hackers control the computer. This is good news because hackers were put away and the public is being made aware of the dangers involved with weak passwords and having a webcam, baby monitor, or security camera.

Bibliography
Insecam.com Screen shot curtsy
fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2824960/Creepy-website-allows
-people-watch-live-stream-900-surveillance-cameras-country.html

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5 March 15
In my blog I used this thesis to show the dangers of webcam hackings. How can someone hack their way into your webcam, security cam, or baby monitor and watch you and your loved ones without you even knowing about it? My blog got a very good range of comments from students at CWA to strangers, and many had the same questions. Many of the people wanted to know how the hackers got their way into the feeds. Others wanted to know why people could even hack into a camera and what the hackers were doing with the film. Many of the people commenting also left articles on how hackers did this or news of websites that hack cameras. I enjoyed the blogging process and I think it has taught me a lot of how to display my opinion in a factual way. I think the blogging process was harder than what I expected, especially showing facts in a way that does not display too much bias. One of my favorite parts of the blogging process was to read the comments left by people. There is a thrill to reading what others have to say about your opinion and whether or not they agree or disagree. It’s a very fun process. Another fun part of the blogging process was replying to those who comment, having a conversation with someone over your own work and seeing what they think of it and how they react. I really enjoyed this class and I think it has opened up my eyes to the media and the stereotypes that people don't feel comfortable talking about.