Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Is Lady Justice Really Blindfolded?

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Your gender and race greatly affect your jail sentence, and it needs to change in order for us to become a better society. You may find yourself on jury duty one day, witnessing a case in which a man, who after hitting his wife, is shot by her, in self defense. You’re thinking in your head “well, he deserved it”. Now imagine the genders are flipped, and a man shoots his wife because she hit him, not so innocent now huh? This is the mindset of your typical jury and judge. What causes people to think this way? Could it be that it is simply okay for a woman to shoot a man in self defense but not vise versa? Or could this be the result of a deep, subliminal discrimination? Unlike most discrimination, this kind can literally kill you.

By being a man, you are 20 times more likely to receive death penalty for a murder than women and will receive an average of 63% more time in jail for the same crimes. This means for every 20 men executed for murder, 1 woman is executed, and for every 10 years a woman gets sentenced, a man gets 16 years. If you are black or latino you have a much higher chance of being pulled over and will also usually be sentenced to more time in jail; people of color make up about ⅓ of America yet ⅔ of inmates are non-white. I believe that people tend to be more harsh when judging a black man than a white woman, and most of the time society sees the black man as the criminal and the white woman as innocent and nice, when often it is the other way around. This is caused by how the media portrays races and genders, for example white women are often seen in cleaning commercials, kid’s cereal commercials, and clothing commercials, while black men are often seen in movies in which the protagonist goes to a ghetto area, in which you see black men in gangs committing crimes. A recent study by Dr. Stacy L. Smith, shows that in movies, Hispanic women are the most likely to have hypersexuality indicators (tight clothing, nudity, etc), which although sounds somewhat irrelevant, may be the explanation as to why Hispanic women are largest victims of rape, which shows that the way in which a movie portrays you does affect how others view you, in this case, movies commonly portrayed Hispanic women as hypersexual, and therefore were most likely viewed as sex objects to certain people. So could it also be that if people of color are portrayed as criminals, that society will look at them that way? When society is constantly bombarded with these stereotypes, it strongly affects how the jury and judge visualize the perpetrator in court.

Some would argue that discrimination has nothing to do with this jail time gap, and the reason why men and people of color are receiving harsher jail sentences is simply because they commit the most crimes and deserve harsher punishments. If they aren’t learning, then give them more time.The problem with this argument, is that by creating such a large gap in punishments, it could allow for women to commit crimes because they think they will be spared in court, it may also bring up the issue of women accusing men of stuff they did not do in order to put them in jail or give them death penalty, thinking that they will be successful since courts favor women. This will also let white cops use excessive force against black suspects because people will assume they are guilty anyways. A racist cop may be able to get away with shooting a person of color and simply say that he was robbing someone or he was coming at him with a knife. The only thing that can fix this discrimination is to change how people are stereotyping races and genders, which all comes down to media and how these races and genders are being portrayed.

Bibliography

National Spying Agency

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The NSA collects millions of facial images of US citizens from various surveillance cameras each day. Over 55,000 of these images are of sufficient quality to be run through a facial recognition program, and used as evidence in a court of law, according to an article written by Fox News correspondent Trevor Mogg. This is just a small part of a much larger surveillance program codenamed "PRISM" which has been in operation since a law was amended in 2007, legalizing the project. PRISM has spanned the entire Obama administration, and is still at work today. Although facial recognition technology is presumed to be a fairly new addition to this program, law enforcement agencies have already become increasingly reliant on it to solve crimes. 

While facial recognition can be a valuable asset when searching for suspects, it is completely unrestricted and therefore a breach of the 4th Amendment, which provides protection from unlawful search and seizure without a valid search warrant. The only warrant the NSA needs is approval from FISC (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court), which is a court set up and run by the NSA itself (see a problem?). This means the NSA is free to collect data on whomever they please, without technically being in violation of the law. Overall, the NSA's PRISM surveillance program is unconstitutional, and should be discontinued.

The most common debate surrounding the PRISM program is that of the 4th Amendment: Is it sometimes necessary to breach personal privacy to protect the American People as a whole, or is there no justification for going against the Constitution? Personally, I believe that our country can be protected without the use of technology that invades the privacy of our citizens. We don’t need new technologies, we need skilled, intelligent people who know how to use the ones we have. For example, facial recognition is not a substitute for good, solid police work. Government agencies are using these new capabilities as a shortcut rather than an aid, and placing too much reliance on computers to do their jobs for them. All new technology does is put more and more of our lives into the digital world, where they can be tracked and categorized by anyone who knows how to access the data. This software not only allows for unwarranted search to take place, it can be conducted without us ever knowing.

Facial recognition is just the beginning. The data collected by the NSA would allow for a complete database to be constructed, containing a plethora of data on every citizen to ever use a phone, or a computer, or pass a security camera. For the first time in history, capabilities exist to create a civilization in which our every move is monitored. Where the government can turn on our phones and use the cameras to record information. Where we can be constantly tracked using any security camera in the world. Where we can be constantly monitored, without us ever knowing.

Spying by the NSA is occurring on a global level as well. In India in 2010, surveillance operations were conducted on the BJP, the minority political party at the time (CNN). This caused an international backlash, and Indian officials summoned a senior U.S. diplomat to discuss the matter. But that’s the tip of the iceberg. In 2010, the FISC gave blanket authorization for international spying, and gave the NSA a list of 193 countries to focus on. (CNN)The list also contained the European Union, the World Bank Group, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, and the Pakistan People’s Party. Domestic spying is one thing, but the NSA is now showing blatant disregard for the safety of American citizens by jeopardizing alliances with espionage. What’s the point of spying to prevent terrorism if the spying creates even more tension? The alliance of the countries and organizations on that list is infinitely more valuable than any of the information the NSA has stolen from them. No matter what pretense of peace is used to justify this espionage, all it will bring is war. Why cause conflict when it can be so easily prevented?

In conclusion, the NSA’s PRISM program is unconstitutional, and causes dangerous backlash in the international community. Therefore, it should be immediately discontinued, and it is our duty as Americans to demand its termination. Nothing will be done if good people stay silent. Spying isn’t just unconstitutional, it’s dangerous. It has the potential to cause more wars than anything obtained through PRISM can prevent. We are the only ones who can stand up for our freedom. If we do not make our grievances heard, then who will? Threats to our liberty come in many forms, and not always just on the field of battle. It is our responsibility to stand up for what is right. We as Americans have an opportunity that many don’t: to make ourselves heard without fear of persecution. The first amendment was written so that we could protect the others. Once the people take an active role in their government, things will begin to change. The government cannot ignore the desires of the people forever.

Phone Security in the Modern World


In normal life, phones might get stolen. Personal Information on the phone is even easier to get stolen. All the smart phones should have more security on the internet connections and better firewall to be safe from the hackers and all the attacks. If the phone is physically stolen it should be able to be locked by the owner from his or her own computer and the owners are able to track down the losing phone. But through the internet the government still does not have a well build system against all the cyber attacks. Most smart phones won’t send u a warning when you are connected to a dangerous internet connection and most of the time smartphone users are hacked because of the internet connection.

Few weeks ago some female celebrities’ icloud accounts got hacked and some personal pictures leaked out. Most of the smart phones like iPhone, Samsung, they all have cloud systems. Although it makes people’s life much easier, it makes the information much more easier to get attacked. Password is a good way to keep your information online safe. For example iCloud Keychain on Macs and iPhones, the system will save all the passwords and bank accounts. I basically use the iCloud Keychain on every website i visit because it makes my life much easier and I don't have anything to hide in my accounts. But for most of people who's in some important business they should never use the iCloud Keychain because it might get hacked. Most of the people set their password really easy to remember like their birthday or 123456. Those password are really easy to get cracked, set a password at least 10 digits and really secure password will help you to keep your information on your phone and in the cloud much safer. It works the same way for you if you have a easy password, it is easier for hackers to crack your password.

Do you know the wifi you are using is safe or not? Most of the laptops will tell you but smartphones won't. When you are at a internet bar or some places with dangerous Wifi sources, your smart phone in your hand won't be smart enough to tell you it is dangerous. Most of the personal information on your phone offline are still able get hacked by some the hackers through some bad Wifi source and for sure you will not be informed. I would say do not connect to some random places' wifi. For example you are next to a little food truck with free wifi, please think is this wifi save before you connect to it. I think smart phone designers should work on this area before they move on to how their next phone's look.

If the Wifi is dangerous then why don't we use cellular data from the carriers, that can be safer than dangerous Wifi connections but UN group announced that hackers can hack your smartphone through the SIM card inside of your phone. Hackers can make copies of the SIM card and make calls and text people as you. It can make you lose a lot of personal information like bank statements, important business calls, and ruin your friend relationships. I don't think there is a way to prevent that thing to happen. But if there someone out there is hunting you down, i suggest you to change your SIM card as soon as possible.

The new iPhone with the iOS 8 released few weeks ago has a new feature that can lock the phone and secure the phone when it’s lost, it helps a lot to protect personal information on the phone and the phone will be useless until it’s returned to the owner. I believe it is a really good feature. I used Find my Phone on the iCloud before and worked great. You set a password for the phone and lock it down. In my opinion the kill switch is better than Find my iPhone because it Enables the Phone until the owner personally unlocks it. It cuts off the loophole of Find my iPhone. Some hackers were able to crack the password on the iPhone. This feature will change most of people's life because it is a lower chance of losing your phone or getting stolen by some people.

Technology today helps to make people’s life much easier but meanwhile, i can ruin someone’s life much easier. The government should catch up to make laws that fits the technology and the time period, not just on the computers, for the whole internet. To protect people from hacking. The technology companies should improve their security system on the phones instead of making the phones bigger and bigger, making phones look better, and the Legislative branch should catch up to the technology,make laws that fits the need of the society.

Thank you
Passive Fungi

Bibliography

Monday, October 27, 2014

Hashtag Activism: The Internet Making the World a Better Place

Litterati is an movement where people post pictures of trash on the Internet, and they pick it up. The city looks at these pictures and finds where the most trash is so that they can put more trash cans in those areas. This is an example of hashtag activism, which is raising awareness and starting movements on social media. Hashtag activism has, and will continue to change the world for the better.

People use hashtag activism to share information on opinions or issues. Others can then look at that information to help them make decisions. Hashtag activism comes in many forms, from #litterati to #stopKony and #ALSicebucketchallenge. These are all hashtags that have informed people on certain issues and caused many to take action. In my mind, there is no doubt that hashtag activism changes the world on a daily basis.


Image from Wikimedia Commons

#Litterati helps communities because it makes picking up trash a social experience. It encourages people to take on the issue of pollution in their community. More than 70,000 pieces of trash have been picked up since the start of this movement. The impact has been even larger than that because of the trash cans that have been put in by cities. This is one step closer to a pollution free world. Lots of topics are controversial, but I can't see anybody being opposed to that. The #ALSicebucketchallenge makes a difference on an even larger scale. Everyone with ALS is affected by this because it gives them an overwhelming amount of support.  Donating to ALS research can help cure this disease, and that is what so many people have now done.

According to Jeremiah Owyang, there are more than 2 million videos on YouTube related to the ice bucket challenge, with many other related posts on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. That is how enormous the movement has gotten. Every single one of those people now have at least some idea of what ALS is, and it sparks an idea that they have an obligation to help people less fortunate than themselves. Some videos, particularly the example below, were made by people actually suffering from ALS who took the opportunity to educate others on the importance of raising money for research. The world needs more movements like this, more ways to make it easy and fun for people to get involved.


Anthony Carbajal, diagnosed with ALS at age 26

People who disagree with me would say that dumping some ice on your head doesn’t make you a good person or change the world at all. They would ask "what in the world does this have to do with ALS??" They would also refer to the #stopKony movement in which many people donated to an organization that promised to do just what the hashtag says. Joseph Kony is a man who ordered the abductions of more than 60,000 children. However, more than a third of the money was used to fund promotions and pay salaries. Kony remained a powerful man for a long time. Howard Kurtz from the Daily Download said “The internet is far better at enlightenment than enforcement”. He said this referring specifically to the Stop Kony movement.

Dumping ice on your head may not make you a great person, but donating to ALS research definitely does say a lot about character. That is what many people ended up doing. In fact, since the ice bucket challenge started, donations to ALS research have averaged $35 per second! I thought that was absolutely astonishing. The #stopKony movement did little to help catch the man, but it did provoke people to try to make a change. This was the point of the movement, and it was the organization’s fault that it didn’t help as much as it could’ve. According to the National Post, 48 hours after the Kony video was posted, the organization had received a total of 5 million dollars in donations. All of that income should've been used for a better purpose, such as funding the people that were trying to stop Kony. The fact that the people donated so much money should be enough to prove that hashtag activism makes positive changes in the world. With some of these statistics in mind, I would say that the internet is better at enforcement than some might think.

Bibliography

Do media really help us understand what is mental illness?


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The world nowadays is full of people who suffer from a mental illness which also can cause huge amounts of suicide. News and media have finally started to address this by giving more coverage about these people. There is also a movie called “Fox Catcher” this year which talks about mental illness.

According to the NBC News, about 1,100 college students commit suicide every year because of mental illness. As reported in "Ziggy’s Wish”, every year about one million people died worldwide because of mental illness. Many people are surprised that over 50 movie stars are actually struggling with mental disorders; some of them finally give up fighting and choose to die, like Robin Williams. In order to prevent the same tragedy happening again and again, we have to do something and the media has to do something.

In this digital world, media has the power. Here is an article suggesting people care about mental health issue. The NBC Nightly News reported a Sending Silence Packing event in the United State this year. This is an event held to raise awareness of the students attending college who kill themselves because they struggle with a mental illness. Suggestions made from the government can make more people care about mental illness. For example, the Australian government posted a website on the internet which talks about mental illness and shows people how big the issue of mental illness is. After the death of Robin Williams, people started to look at mental illness again and the media got interested. A lot of people kill themselves because they cannot find someone to talk about their issues of mental illness and all they need is a friend and a listener, like in the movies.

For example, in the movie “The Good Will Hunting” , a genius has a farfetched life and a couple of bad friends who make his mental illness worse. All he needs is someone who can help him to direct his life and get on the right track. The psychologist who also has a mental illness since childhood talks to him. With a strong patience, the psychologist finally makes him talk about what he has been through and what he really wants to do in the future and just get on with his dream.

A second movie that has raised awareness is Rain man. This is a movie that talks about how a man finds out he has always had a brother who has mental illness and he finally create a relationship with his brother. The reason why I first saw this movie is just because I love Tom Cruise and I love watching movies, but the reason that I saw it again is because this movie really touched my heart. After Babbitt found out that the reason his brother was taken away from his family is because his brother Raymond accidentally hurt him when they were little. He felt regret and he wanted to stay with his brother and take care of him for the rest of his life, but the mental institution took Raymond back. From these movies, I know that if we really look into the people who have mental illness, we will find out that they are the same as we are and, we can save them by just caring about them and listening to them.

The Pacific Standard shows that people who have mental illness are more likely to cause a gun shooting crime than are mentally healthy people. So, we should not allow mentally ill people to own guns? The media also points out that people who have mental illness are much more violent than mentally healthy people. This year there were shootings in Las Vegas, Seattle, and Santa Barbara. These incidents cause people to be afraid of people who have mental illness and the people who have mental illness to feel shame about telling others they need help,so they lost chance to get help. One blogger wrote an article about why the media do not take mental health issue seriously. In her article, Nicole Knepper points out that media seems to think they should write about physical health and gossip, not about mental illness, even though it affects physical health.

Although the media has some bad messages about people who have mental illness, there are more of them presenting helpful information about good things about mental illness and suggesting people help people who struggled with mental illness. One article also points out that people with mental issues are not like those in the movies, who are often portrayed as really weird and always killing others but they are actually much more better than that. The article also says that the movies nowadays are getting much better. After all, mental illness is not a thing that we have to be afraid of; it is a thing that we have to care about. We have to help the people who have mental illness and give it a chance for these people, we will see the world become better and people with mental health issues live happier lives.

Friday, October 24, 2014

#WeAreMoreThanADistraction

Dress Codes are sexist towards women and, in some cases, are completely unnecessary and hypocritical. In schools all over the world today, girls are getting called out for what school staff deem as “inappropriate for school wear,” such as leggings and tank tops. However, male students may continue on with their day without interruption.

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This is actually on a high school website!
Take the dress code at your school as an example. Are there any main dress code guidelines directed specifically at males, aside from the no sagging rule? Typically there aren’t. However, there is an abundant amount of restrictions and fine lines for a girl to follow regarding her way of dress. A very common guideline is no spaghetti strap tank tops. This “no spaghetti strap” rule affected one high school student from North Ogden Junior High, in Utah. She wore a tank top to school one day, covering her shoulders with both a scarf and her hair, but still got called out by the assistant principal because tank tops were not permitted in the dress code. In order to fix this “offense” she was required to change into gym clothes. Not only did this cause her emotional despair, but being publicly humiliated by the assistant principal, who forced her to finish her day off in gym clothes, took her humiliation one step further. This was all caused because her assistant principal deemed her attempt of covering up, “not good enough.” The Utah student was spared some embarrassment in comparison to Miranda Larkin of Oakleaf High School in Florida. Miranda was not given the opportunity to change into gym clothes. Instead she was forced into what is known as a “shame suit.” The shame suit was an oversized, bright yellow t-shirt with ‘DRESS CODE VIOLATION’ displayed across the body of the shirt. To pair off the t-shirt she was also given bright red sweats to match. How can these articles of clothing not distract the boys and girls of her class? Clearly, this outfit was created to send a message, and when messages are sent, aren’t they supposed to be noticed? This actually goes against the purpose of the dress code, to prevent distraction, and it humiliates the student at the same time. Congrats society, you win “The Most Hypocritical” award.

School makes teen wear 'shame suit' for too-short skirt

Other articles of clothing frequently targeted by dress code rules are yoga pants and leggings. People have made the argument that the way women dress, like in leggings, is distracting to boys. Which raises the question of whose education is more important, being that girls are typically the people sent out of class whereas the male gender remain in class without any complaint. So who’s learning is being distracted, the “hormonal boys” in the class, or a girl sent out for a costume change? People say that they can’t help looking, and they won’t be able to focus in school, but is it really a girl’s job to ensure they can control themselves? Society as a whole is blaming the girls for this. It’s the ladies’ fault for dressing like that; they’re asking to be distracting. However, I think that it is the other way around. If boys, and other women, for that matter, grew up thinking positively about a girls’ body, and learned to not sexualize our body, then we wouldn’t have to change the dress code for the boys’ greater good in school. Is it really that big of a deal if a girl wears some leggings to school? Most girls wear them to be comfortable, not to show off anything. Not all boys think or act that way either, so should we assume this biased stereotype about boys too? There is one article I found called Seeing A Woman: A Conversation Between A Father and Son that I really enjoyed reading. It proves my point that all men do not think of women as sex objects. Father Nate Pyle says that when he sees his son looking at a girl in that certain way, he's going to have a talk with him about treating women like they are more than just objects of lust. He plans to tell his son that "It is a women's responsibility to dress herself in the morning. It is your responsibility to look at her like a human being regardless of what she is wearing." That is a very powerful and true quote.

If a dress code must be enforced, it should at least be consistent. Not just between genders, but within one gender itself. An experiment at Washington High School proved that consistent enforcement is a problem. Candee Blanc, a junior at Washington High School (WHS), purposefully wore short dresses and skirts to school in order to prove a point. Weighing 104 pounds at 5’3, Candee is very petite among her classmates, which proved as an advantage in upholding her school dress code. She never was reprimanded for her short and revealing clothing, whereas a close friend of hers, Athena Hamilton, was continuously singled out for dress code violations. Athena is bigger in size when compared to Candee, and toward the end of the year Athena questioned Washington’s assistant principal as to why she was in trouble for wearing the same leggings as other students the same day, the assistant principal replied, “It’s more noticeable on you,” as if to say because she was bigger she couldn’t “pull off” the clothing as well. How can we validate the school dress code, when it’s clearly being misused among schools, and, in fact, leads to body shaming?

Perhaps the sexist and hypocritical dress code does have good intentions when it is initially enforced. According to Fresno Pacific University News, the dress code is used as a safety precaution and to ensure better learning amongst all students. However, we see that due to the misuse and shaming of girls’ bodies this is not what is accomplished. In fact, the opposite occurs. Girls begin to feel uneasy when choosing clothes for school because they fear the embarrassment of being called down to the office. To say that this offense just happens in a school setting is a major understatement. Women all over are being deemed as distracting because of their wardrobe choices. The amount of women dismissed from their jobs because their outfits are “tempting” is sickening. For example, a woman named Debrahlee Lorenza was fired from her job at Citibank because she was too “hot.” She wore the same professional attire as the other women in the bank she worked with, but was told that they didn’t have to worry about them turning her on because “as their general unattractiveness rendered moot their sartorial choices, unlike plaintiff.” To think that an article of clothing can decide your ability to fully function around the opposite sex is wrong and ridiculous.
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This is what Debrahlee wore to work-completely proffessional. 


Don’t get me wrong, I agree there should be some limitations, but not at the expense of someone's emotional safety. If these limitations are enforced they must be equal and just, as any good regulation and guideline should be. What starts locally can have a more global effect in a matter of seconds. Thanks to the technology and media of today’s generation, people are awakening to what’s going on in the world and can (hopefully) fix the flaws in society abruptly and right. Girls and their families everywhere are using the media to explain to the world their problems with the dress code. Before there was social media, the problem that the girl in question and the school had about the dress code would have stayed really quiet, only between the school and the family. Now girls can share their problems with their school and how they’re handling the dress code on a variety of social media. After so many years of women living in the shadow of men, they are ready to break free from constantly pleasing others and have developed perspective and now have people listening to their voice.

Respect my Securitah!

The internet can be a very unsafe place, from people accidentally giving away their first child, to hackers having at it at peoples computers. All this stuff can lead many people to the conclusion that the internet is a bad place, when in fact if you are knowledgeable about how to use network security working to your advantage you will be just fine. A better way to describe it, is that they have themselves a double edged sword, in the way that they get all these cool services and yet they always end up having troubles with their computers. These troubles may include getting hacked, having your private information stolen, or getting stuck with an annoying virus. All of the above problems that can happen to you and your computer can be avoided, with a little help that I like to call knowledge.

A study done by Armeen Khan from the Telegraph, stated that over the past six months about 12 million people had their computer attacked by a virus. All of those people got attacked, even though 95 percent of them said that they had antivirus software. Following that study, lets get into the basics of protecting yourself and your computer. When you first get your computer, be sure to adjust your computer's security settings. As you are adjusting the settings make sure that you have some sort of updated version of virus/malware protection loaded on to your computer. Many computers already have a free version of this so make sure to have it on. Besides this be sure to have your firewall up and running, by going to the security settings on your computer, which stops unwanted outside access to your computer. The last important security setting that you may want to adjust is the cookies section. Cookies are pieces of data that websites hold on to, this can be good if you want some websites to hold on to what you like to buy for instance. It can be bad though if you don’t want certain websites holding on to secret information.

When searching the web you must be careful. A little tip is that at the top of the url the s in https stands for secure, and if there is a little lock that is closed it means that site is even more secure. If you are knowledgeable about safer websites try to only go to those, because websites that are corrupt can load unwanted viruses, adware, and other things onto your computer. One last tip is that when you are in your email, never open up spam or suspicious looking emails for they may contain unwanted programs. That also goes for ads on the side of websites in that they may also harm your computer.

The many different types of harmful things include, Worms which travel from computer to computer through networks, Trojan Horse which hides in files that seem to be harmless, Malware which is defined as something that is designed to disrupt the way your computer works, adware which shows advertisements that are unwanted, and last but certainly not least the big one Viruses which is basically all of the above. You can protect yourselves from all of these by being suspicious, being smart through common sense and your gut feeling, and just having good antivirus/antispyware programs.

This brings us to the last thing, and definitely the most important thing that people need to read all of a contract, understanding while doing it that a signed agreement is binding. What I am referring to is the terms of service, for almost anything digital like signing up for services and games. These terms of services are usually very long and full of words, which led a certain company known as F-secure to do a little test on the public. This test was taking place in London, and the plan was that in exchange for free wifi, the people had to give away their first born child to the company. They hid this exchange within their terms of service to check if many people would still agree to it anyways. In the end thirty three people only accepted the wifi once the terms were taken off, but six people unknowingly signed it without reading it. This shows the biggest point of all , which is that you need to be smart when using the internet/digital world. If you do this, nothing within the internet will be able to bring you down, and you will be able to use the internet to your full advantage with an eased mind.

People who argue against me might say that whenever a better antivirus/antimalware product comes out, there is always an updated virus to outmatch and bypass your security. This is infact true and there is always a risk, but if you stay smart, and use your wits then you will have an immense fully good chance that you will be fine. This relates to Digital Citizenship because hackers and other people are taking advantage of other peoples dim-wittedness. It also relates to it because although that one company did it as a test, another small business could actually take advantage of the fact that fifty eight percent of adults would rather read an instruction manual or a credit card bill than the terms of agreement. This test was done by a 2011 survey, and it is my last example of the connection between digital citizenship and the internet, and also how you are responsible about what you learn and how what you learn can greatly help you in life.

Bibliography